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Statas Laws
New State Electric Drive Laws in 2007


State Fleet Requirements
SB 1500A – Signed into law on June 29, 2007, became Public Act No. 4.; requires that 50% of state vehicles be alt-fueled, hybrid or plug-in electric after 2008; 100% after 2012. Provides sales tax exemptions for high mileage, low emission vehicles.


Low Speed Vehicle Operation
S.B. 17 became law on April 14, 2007. Sets requirements for low-speed vehicles to operate on Delaware highways; limits operation to roads posted at 35 mph or below, permits crossing at maerked intersections and exempts from safety inspections.$file/0661440014.doc?open


Fleet greenhouse gas emissions reductions
Executive Order 127:  The Governor issued Executive Order 127 on July 13, 2007. The order establishes greenhouse gas emissions targets, and provides for adoption of the California motor vehicle emission standards.

Operation of LSVs and Golf Carts by law enforcement
HB 1003 – Filed as Chapter No. 2007-154 on June 15, 2007 allows law enforcement to use all terrain, golf carts and low speed vehicles on state streets, roads and highways.


Low Speed Vehicle Operation
HB 1875- became Pub Act 95-0150 on August 14, 2007. Amends the Illinois Vehicle Code. Provides that a person operating a neighborhood electric vehicle may make a direct crossing at an intersection controlled by a traffic light or 4-way stop sign upon or across a highway under the jurisdiction of the State if the speed limit on the highway is 35 miles per hour or less at the place of crossing. Effective immediately.

SB 393 was sent to the Governor on June 29, 2007. Not signed as of 8.22.07.  Amends the Illinois Vehicle Code. In provisions restricting the operation of certain electronically-powered four-wheeled motor vehicles and defining those vehicles as "neighborhood electric vehicles", provides that those restrictions also apply to certain gasoline-powered four-wheeled motor vehicle with an engine displacement under 1,200 cubic centimeters and changes the term to "neighborhood vehicles". Effective immediately.


Low Speed Vehicle Specifications
S.B. 163 became Public Law No. 9 MARCH 30, 2007. Removes the 2200 maximum weight restriction and 4 person seating capacity for low speed electrically powered motor vehicles.


Low emission vehicle regulations and exemptions
S.B. 103: On APRIL 24, 2007 became Chapter No. 111. Requires the Department of the Environment and the Motor Vehicle Administration to adopt regulations to establish a low emissions vehicle program applicable to certain vehicles; prohibits the Department or any other State agency from adopting a regulation that requires the sale or use of certain gasoline; exempts certain zero emission and qualified hybrid vehicles from certain emissions testing and inspection requirements until the model year is 3 years old.

H.B. 131: On APRIL 24, 2007 became Chapter No. 111 – Crossfiled w/ SB 103.  Requires the Department of Environment and the Motor Vehicle Administration to adopt regulations by December 31, 2007, to establish a low emissions vehicle program applicable to vehicles of the model year 2011 and thereafter under specified circumstances; requires the Administration and the Department to establish motor vehicle emissions standards and compliance requirements.


Medium Speed ElectricVehicle Operation
S.B.185: On  APRIL 23, 2007 became Chapter No. 233. Provides for medium speed electric vehicles that have a top speed not greater than 35 mph.


Hybrid Vehicle Emission Exemptions
SB 161- signed into law on May 31, 2007. Chapter No. 231.Exempts HEVs from emission control program until the model year is six years old.


Alternative Fuel Vehicle facilities
HB 3201 was signed into law on July 31, 2007.  It expands its business energy credit to "energy facilities" that include facilities that manufacture or distribute alternative fuels, including electricity, ethanol, methanol, gasohol and biodiesel.


State vehicle fleet efficiency
SB 123 became Chapter No. 532 on June 27, 2007. It requires 30% of motor vehicles purchased by the state during fiscal year be energy efficient, i.e, be flex-fuel, alternative fuel, hybrid vehicles or have at least 25 mpg highway rating.

State school fleet efficiency
HB 723 – signed on June 21, became Chapter No. 489 on June 26, 2007. It requires all state agencies, universities and community colleges to increase number of alt fuel, fuel efficient and low emission vehicles and displace 20% of petroleum use by 2010.


State vehicle fleet efficiency
HB2293 was signed into law on June 15, 2007. It requires that not less than 10% of state agency-purchased vehicles meet or exceed certain emission standards

Hydrogen vehicle sales tax exemption
HB 3319 was signed into law and filed with the Sec of State on July 24 (Chapter No 1266). The governs state sales and use taxes and includes an exemption from sales and use taxes for hydrogen –powered vehicles.

Hydrogen production
HB 3732 – now Chapter No. 1277 amends the Advanced Clean energy Grant and Loan program to include clean energy projects that meet emission standards while using coal, biomass, petroleum coke solid waste, including fuel cells using hydrogen derived from the designated fuels in electricity generation or creation of alternative liquid fuels while co-generating electricity .

Subsidies for efficient vehicle repair and idle reduction technology
SB 12 – was signed in on July 24, 2007 and is Chapter No 262. The law includes funding a low income vehicle repair and replacement program and for meeting state emissions reductions with lease, purchase, and installation of idle reduction technologies and facilities on highways and on waterways.


Clean Vehicle operation in HOV lanesH.B. 2132 On MARCH 13, 2007 became Chapter No. 317. Extends the sunset date authorizing the use of certain high occupancy vehicle lanes by vehicles bearing clean special fuel vehicle license plates to July1, 2008.


Medium Speed Electric Vehicles
H.B. 1820 became law on May 15, 2007 and is listed as Chapter 510.  Reduces air pollution through the licensing and use of medium-speed electric vehicles; encourages reducing air pollution through the licensing and use of medium-speed electric vehicles that can attain more than 30 mph but not more than 35 mph.


Additional Resources for State Laws:

DOE Clean Cities database:

DOE Alternative Fuels Data Center:

DOE Summaries of federal laws:

UCS hybrid center with state and federal law summaries and links:


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